I. Introduction

The Cybersecurity Maturity Model Certification (CMMC) 2.0 is on the horizon to further shape the cybersecurity landscape for Defense Contractors. While it’s not yet mandatory, with final rulemaking underway, CMMC 2.0 certification is emerging as a crucial measure for all organizations working with the Department of Defense (DoD) in the United States. Attaining CMMC 2.0 certification not only potentially facilitates access to DoD contracts but also significantly strengthens a contractor’s cybersecurity defenses. Furthermore, acquiring CMMC 2.0 certification sends a strong signal to clients and competitors about a contractor’s commitment to safeguarding sensitive information.

The pathway to CMMC 2.0 Certification might appear complex at first, given its intricate requirements and processes. However, with careful planning and methodical execution, it is a journey that can be successfully undertaken. This article aims to guide Defense Contractors through this journey, providing insights into the process, the different levels of certification, the role of a compliance consultant, and the implications of achieving this critical certification. Join us as we explore the process of understanding and achieving CMMC 2.0 certification.

Decoding CMMC Certification: A Comprehensive Overview

A. What is CMMC Certification?

Cybersecurity Maturity Model Certification, or CMMC 2.0, is a streamlined standard for implementing cybersecurity across the Defense Industrial Base (DIB). The DIB includes over 300,000 companies in the supply chain. The CMMC 2.0 model features three maturity levels, each with a set of corresponding cybersecurity practices and processes. Notably, organizations must demonstrate both the appropriate cybersecurity practices and processes to achieve a given level of maturity. Simply put, CMMC 2.0 certification serves as a validation of an organization’s cybersecurity maturity and its ability to safeguard sensitive defense information.

B. Why is it crucial for Defense Contractors?

The importance of CMMC 2.0 certification for Defense Contractors cannot be overstated. Since its introduction, the Department of Defense (DoD) will require all contractors to attain a specific level of CMMC 2.0 certification. The level required depends on the sensitivity of the information handled by the contractor.

Contractors lacking the necessary certification risk being excluded from bidding on DoD contracts. Beyond contractual implications, achieving CMMC 2.0 certification significantly improves a contractor’s cybersecurity posture, reduces the risk of cyber threats, and boosts client trust. Therefore, CMMC 2.0 certification has become a vital business requirement in the defense industry.

Understanding the Three Levels of CMMC Certification

CMMC 2.0 is composed of three distinct maturity levels, each demonstrating a progressively enhanced cybersecurity posture:

Level 1 – Foundational: At this level, companies must implement the 17 controls found in FAR 52.204-21, Basic Safeguarding of Covered Contractor Information Systems, to protect Federal Contract Information (FCI). These controls look to protect covered contractor information systems and limit access to authorized users.

Level 2 – Advanced: This level aligns with NIST SP 800-171, involving 110 security controls developed by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) to protect Controlled Unclassified Information (CUI). All practices and maturity processes unique to CMMC in the previous model have been eliminated. Instead, it focuses on strengthening the security of CUI handled by companies.

Level 3 – Expert: This level aims to actively reduce the risk posed by Advanced Persistent Threats (APTs) and is specifically tailored for companies that handle Controlled Unclassified Information (CUI) on DoD’s highest priority programs. While the precise security requirements for this level are currently under determination, they will be based on a combination of NIST SP 800-171’s 110 controls and a subset of controls from NIST SP 800-172, resulting in a total of 130 controls. These controls will align with the same 14 control families in NIST 800-171, with an additional 20 controls sourced from NIST 800-172.

Discussing the progression from one level to another

Progressing through the CMMC levels is a journey of increasing cybersecurity maturity. Each level builds upon the previous one, requiring more advanced cybersecurity practices and documentation. The goal is to ensure that contractors handling more sensitive information have robust cybersecurity systems in place.

For a contractor starting at Level 1, the progression is typically gradual, incrementally implementing additional controls and practices, and documenting the implementation processes as they advance towards Level 3 and beyond. An organization’s goal level is unique and depends on several factors including the complexity of information handled, and the urgency to compete for certain DoD contracts.

Steps to Achieve CMMC Certification for Defense Contractors

Embarking on the journey towards CMMC 2.0 certification commences with an exhaustive self-assessment. Defense contractors must meticulously scrutinize their current cybersecurity posture and practices, aligning them against the CMMC 2.0 requirements relevant to their targeted maturity level. This procedure, also known as a Gap Analysis, pinpoints areas where a company may fall short and delineates improvements needed to reach its intended level.

After recognizing the gaps, the subsequent step is remediation. This phase involves the implementation of required cybersecurity controls, modifications to existing procedures, or enhancements to current practices to comply with the standards of the designated CMMC 2.0 level. Although remediation can be intricate and time-intensive, it constitutes an essential part of the preparation for the CMMC 2.0 assessment.

After addressing the identified gaps and remediating deficiencies, most attempt to engage a defense contractor must actively engage with a Certified Third-Party Assessor Organization (C3PAO). However, it is important that the organization conduct a self-assessment of their implementation. An independent CMMC professional may be able to conduct the assessment, if desired.

The CMMC Accreditation Body (CyberAB) has accredited C3PAOs to formally conduct CMMC 2.0 assessments. The C3PAO holds the ultimate responsibility of evaluating a contractor’s compliance with their targeted CMMC 2.0 level.

During the assessment, the C3PAO evaluates the contractor’s cybersecurity practices and processes against the standards set by the CMMC 2.0 level for which the contractor is applying. This comprehensive assessment is designed to ensure that contractors are adequately protecting the sensitive information they manage.

Upon completing the assessment, the C3PAO prepares a concluding report, encompassing any identified deficiencies. If the contractor satisfies the criteria for the desired level, the CyberAB will confer the CMMC 2.0 certification. If deficiencies are discovered, the contractor must rectify them and may need to undergo another assessment. Achieving CMMC 2.0 certification is not the terminus of the journey – maintaining compliance and preparing for re-certification every three years is equally important.

The Role of a Compliance Consultant in Achieving CMMC Certification

A. Introduction to the benefits of hiring a compliance consultant

In the complex world of CMMC certification, having an expert guide can be a game-changer. This is where a compliance consultant comes into the picture. These professionals offer expertise in CMMC requirements and can greatly simplify the process of achieving and maintaining compliance. They bring invaluable experience, insights, and tools to the table, significantly reducing the burden on a defense contractor’s internal resources.

B. How a compliance consultant aids in navigating the path to CMMC Certification for Defense Contractors

Navigating the path to CMMC certification is like traversing a maze. It’s filled with complex standards, rigorous procedures, and exacting requirements. Compliance consultants help defense contractors navigate this maze with confidence. From conducting thorough self-assessments to identifying and remediating gaps, preparing for the assessment, and even maintaining ongoing compliance, these consultants provide a roadmap to follow. They essentially streamline the process, reducing complexity and ensuring no crucial steps are missed. Working with a compliance consultant can save defense contractors time, money, and potential compliance headaches in the long run.

Real-World Implications of CMMC Certification

A. The impact of CMMC Certification on winning and maintaining defense contracts

The CMMC 2.0 certification carries significant implications, particularly in relation to securing and retaining defense contracts. While the certification isn’t mandatory at present, it will increasingly become a cornerstone in the defense contracting sphere. The Department of Defense (DoD) will specify the required CMMC level in solicitations and in any Requests for Information (RFIs). This means, without a corresponding CMMC 2.0 certification, defense contractors might find themselves at a notable disadvantage when bidding for new contracts.

In effect, the CMMC 2.0 certification is gradually turning into a gatekeeper to opportunities within the Defense Industrial Base (DIB). Achieving and maintaining this certification can, therefore, influence a defense contractor’s ability to win and maintain contracts.

By aligning CMMC 2.0 with well-known NIST cybersecurity standards, and structuring it to range from basic to advanced cyber hygiene levels, we can reinforce the cybersecurity posture of the DIB. As a result, achieving CMMC 2.0 certification not only has the potential to open doors to contract opportunities, but also enhances a contractor’s cybersecurity resilience.

B. How CMMC Certification enhances a defense contractor’s reputation and security posture

Beyond its implications for securing contracts, CMMC 2.0 certification confers additional benefits. First and foremost, it bolsters a defense contractor’s reputation. Acquiring this certification underscores a commitment to cybersecurity, signaling to the DoD and potential clients that the contractor prioritizes information protection.

Secondly, the CMMC 2.0 certification can significantly strengthen a contractor’s cybersecurity posture. The journey towards achieving this certification involves implementing stringent cybersecurity controls and practices in line with NIST standards. This can enhance defense contractors’ ability to prevent, detect, and swiftly respond to cyber threats. Therefore, it’s not merely about compliance; CMMC 2.0 certification contributes to the overall cybersecurity health and longevity of a contractor’s business.


In essence, the path to CMMC 2.0 certification is a systematic journey. that includes understanding the updated CMMC 2.0 framework, evaluating existing cybersecurity practices, filling in identified gaps, undergoing either a self-assessment or a third-party assessment depending on the type of CUI and required certification level, and taking necessary follow-up actions post-assessment. This process demands a commitment from defense contractors, but it’s one that can yield significant benefits – not only in terms of contract eligibility but also in enhancing cybersecurity posture and reputation.

For defense contractors, beginning the journey towards CMMC 2.0 certification is more than a compliance requirement; it’s a strategic business decision. It’s about securing your role within the Defense Industrial Base, protecting sensitive data, and ultimately, contributing to the national security of our country. So, don’t delay. Embark on your journey towards CMMC 2.0 certification today. With the right guidance and resources, it’s a journey that every defense contractor can successfully navigate, offering them a competitive edge in the evolving cybersecurity landscape.


Download our FREE Self-Assessment Workbook

Stay up-to-date!
Get insights and tips from experts